Horse Bits Fitting
There are different types of horse bits and variations of horse bits available in our productions and once you have chosen the one that is most suitable for your horse’s mouth shape and way of going you need correctly fit it.
Horse bits correct fit is essential so that the horse bit will be positioned and work correctly within the horse’s mouth, without causing unnecessary discomfort to the horse if you are unsure about a bit or fitting then have a professional fit it for you. Here are a few things to bear in mind to fit a horse bit correct.
Corners of the horse Mouth in lip thickness and sensitivity so depending on the horse allow either a slight crease for sensitive thin-lipped horses to 1 to 2 wrinkles on horse mouth for thick-lipped horses in the corners. Very thick horses’ lips rend to make a response better to thinner horse bits.
Horse’s tongues with a thick tongue that take up most of the horse’s mouth are not going to have a lot of room left for bits, in these cases choosing a thinner bit or bits that have a curved or ported mouthpiece can prove more comfortable for your horse. Also bear in mind that some rubber bits are very chunky and although softer in the horse’s mouth may prove a bit bulky.
One way to check if your horses have a thick tongue or not is to carefully lift up their lips just below the corners of the mouth when horse mouth is shut and if you can see the horse tongue bulging from between the horse teeth has a thick tongue.
In these cases, curved mouthpieces such as a mullen mouthpiece will help to relieve pressure on the bars and disperse more across the tongue instead. If the bars are bruised or damaged then a bitless bridle may be required to allow the bars time to heal, it may also be worthwhile to review the way of going and level of training of horses and in case the horse is not fully understanding the riders communication aids.
Roof Of the horse Mouth – The size and shape of your horse mouth must have enough room if ported bits are to be used if there is the insufficient room your horse will suffer immense discomfort. Your equine dentist will be able to advise you.
Age and Training of Horse – The horse bit that you select must reflect your horse’s level of training and way of going, it should never be used to provide a quick fix to a problem. Young horses often benefit from softer rubber bits.
Rider – The different types of bits chosen must also reflect the capabilities of riders.
Sizing Your Horse
The correct size is essential, if the mouthpiece is too small it will pinch the horses’ lips causing sores and discomfort and if too large the bit will prove too bulky in the horse’s mouth making the horse bits action less effective and uncomfortable, especially for example if a ported mouthpiece for used.
A useful way to find out horse-bit sizes is to take a piece of string and holding either side slip it into the horse mouth holding it on each side of your horse’s corners. Remove the string and measure in between where you were holding, then add approximately 1/2 an inch to your measurement to allow the bit enough room so that it will not pinch at the corners or lips. However, this only offers a guide and only once you have the bit in your horse’s mouth will you know for sure if it is the correct size or not.